Parinaud’s oculoglandular syndrome secondary to sporotricosis

case report

Authors

  • Paula Trindade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Belo Horizonte, Departamento de Oftalmologia, Minas Gerais, Brasil
  • Clara Trindade Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei Campus CCO, Faculdade de Medicina, Minas Gerais, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0880-5279
  • Raquel Barra Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Belo Horizonte, Departamento de Oftalmologia, Minas Gerais, Brasil
  • Arthur Silva Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei Campus CCO, Faculdade de Medicina, Minas Gerais, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7736-2219
  • Edson Júnior Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei Campus CCO, Faculdade de Medicina, Minas Gerais, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1549-650X
  • Jonas Cruz Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei Campus CCO, Faculdade de Medicina, Minas Gerais, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0061-1544

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29352/mill0217.24636

Keywords:

sporotrichosis, parinaud’s oculoglandular syndrome, granulomatous conjunctivitis

Abstract

Introduction: Parinaud's Oculoglandular Syndrome is a rare granulomatous conjunctivitis, accompanied by regional lymphadenopathy. It is caused by varied etiologies, one of which is sporotrichosis, which is a rare cause and little reported in the literature.

Objective: To report a case of Parinaud's Oculoglandular Syndrome caused by atypical sporotrichosis, associated with dacryocystitis, attended by an emergency eye service.

Methods: The study was carried out from the analysis of the medical record, along with the anamnesis, ophthalmological examination and complementary examinations of the patient. Bibliographic research was carried out with publications of up to twenty years for theoretical and methodological foundations.

Results: It was possible to identify some of the most common changes in Parinaud's Oculoglandular Syndrome due to sporotrichosis. Such changes consist of hyperemic nodules in the tarsal or bulbar conjunctiva, related with adenopathy, hardened or fibroelastic, in submandibular and / or preauricular regions.

Conclusion: Sporotrichosis is a disease with an effective treatment if readily identified and should always be considered as a possible cause of Parinaud's Oculoglandular Syndrome. This case can be a reference for professionals in the field, both in diagnosis and in the management of patients with such syndromic diagnosis, since it is a rare and rarely seen case.

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Published

2021-12-29

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Life and Healthcare Sciences