Parenting scale self-test: study of psychometric properties

  • Ana Paula Soares de Matos Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal Centro de Investigação do Núcleo de Estudos e Intervenção Cognitivo-Comportamental, FPCEUC, Portugal
  • José Joaquim Marques da Costa Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
  • Maria Rosário Pinheiro Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal Centro de Investigação do Núcleo de Estudos e Intervenção Cognitivo-Comportamental, FPCEUC, Portugal
  • Eliana Silva Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
  • Cristiana Marques Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
Keywords: Factorial structure, Parenting Scale Self-Test, Parenting styles, Adolescents


Introduction: The Parenting Scale Self-Test (Gottman & Declaire, 1997) evaluates what parents think about emotions and the way they react to them. It also tries to determine the ways by which the parents teach their children to recognize, express and deal with emotions.

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of PSST, namely its factorial structure and internal consistency.

Methods: The sample consisted of 335 parents (65.07% female and 34.93% male) whose children are between 14 and 20 years of age. The nature of the present study is quantitative, analytical and cross-sectional. An exploratory factorial analysis was conducted using the principal components method with direct oblimin rotation.

Results: The structure of the scale changed from the original, presenting in the Portuguese sample three parenting styles towards emotions: 1st factor – disapproving style (explaining 13.75% of total variance); 2nd factor – explorer style (explaining 11.41% of total variance) and 3rd factor – accepting style (explaining 6.72% of total variance). The internal consistency of the scale showed alpha values of .87, .85 and .70, respectively.

Conclusions: This research constitutes an initial step in the study of the psychometric properties of the PSST in a sample of the Portuguese population, and it can be an important contribution for future research and clinical practice.


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Education and Social Development Sciences