The viability to produce RDF from a MBT installation
technical and economic features
Introduction: In Portugal, the Strategic Urban Solid Waste Plan defines the management strategies for the period 2015-2020. According to this plan that recognizes waste as a resource, it is intended to respond to new challenges in the field of integrated waste management and the life cycle of materials.
Objetives: To characterize qualitatively and quantitatively the lines of the rejects of a Unit of Mechanical and Biological Treatment (TMB) of an Urban Waste Management System; Analyze fuel derived from waste (CDR) produced from the respective discard.
Methods: The work started with the physical characterization of the rejects, making a manual sorting of the collected sample and from these materials a RDF was produced, which was characterized according with the related normative documents.
Results: About 240 ton of refused are produced daily, where 29% is paper / cardboard, 6% is plastic and 59% are textiles, wood and other materials with energy potential. The obtained RDF had, in average terms, values expressed as wet basis, moisture content of approximately 33%, ash of 15.5% and lower heating value of 24.1 MJ / kg, with the concentration of chlorine 0.75%, slightly higher than that found in the bibliography. Regarding the concentration of mercury, 0.004 mg/MJ was obtained. The concentration of trace metals present in the sample, and compared to the bibliographic records, are within the expected.
Conclusions: Based on the standard NP 4486:2008, it is possible to consider the RDF as a possible substitute for fossil fuel in a biomass power plant for energy production.
APA, Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente (2020) Valor da TGR, Available in: http://apambiente.pt/index.php?ref=16&subref=84&sub2ref=1118&sub3ref=1119
Brás, I., Silva, M. E., Lobo, G., Cordeiro, A., Faria M., & Lemos, L. T. (2017). Refuse Derived Fuel from Municipal Solid Waste rejected fractions. Energy Procedia, 120, 349-356.
Brás, I., Silva, M. E., Lobo, G., Cordeiro, A., Faria M., & Lemos, L. T. (2019). Feasibility of using municipal solid wastes rejected fractions as fuel in a biomass power plant. In Press in Environment Protection Engineering.
Caracol, P.M.O. (2016). Avaliação da viabilidade dos combustíveis derivados de resíduos Caso de estudo da indústria cimenteira (Master Thesis). Civil Engineering, Instituto Superior técnico. Available in: https://fenix.tecnico.ulisboa.pt/downloadFile/1689244997255671/DissertacaoCDRF.pdf
Caputo, A. C., & Pelagagge, P. M. (2002). RDF production plants: Design and costs. Applied Thermal Engineering, 22, 423–437.
EN 15400:2011. (2011). Solid Recovered Fuels – Methods for the Determination of Calorific Value. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15402:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Determination of the content of volatile. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15403:2011. (2011). Solid Recovered Fuels – Methods for the Determination of Ash Content. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization.
EN 15407:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Methods for the determination of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and nitrogen (N) content. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15408:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Methods for the determination of sulphur (S), chlorine (Cl), fluorine (F) and bromine (Br) content. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15410:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Methods for the determination of the content of major elements (Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P, Si, Ti). Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15411:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Methods for the determination of the content of trace elements (As, Ba, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mo, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Tl, V and Zn). Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15414-3:2011. (2011). Solid Recovered Fuels – Determination of Moisture Content using the Oven Dry Method - Part 3: Moisture in general analysis sample. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15415-2:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Determination of particle size distribution - Part 2: Maximum projected length method (manual) for large dimension particles. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15442:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Methods for sampling. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
EN 15443:2011. (2011). Solid recovered fuels - Methods for the preparation of the laboratory sample. Bruxelas: European Committee for Standardization CEN.
ERFO, European Recovered Fuels Organization (2010). SRF market views in Europe. In International Workshop on Solid Recovered Fuel, Helsink, 31st March.
Gallardo, A., Carlos, M., Bovea, M.D., Colomer, F. J., & Albarrán, F. (2014). Analysis of refuse-derived fuel from the municipal solid waste reject fraction and its compliance with quality standards. Journal of Cleaner Production, 83, 118-125.
Gendebien, A., Leavens, A., & Godley, A. (2003). Refuse derived fuel, current practice and perspectives. Final Report.
Genon, G., & Brizio, E. (2008). Perspectives and limits for cement kilns as a destination for RDF. Waste Management, 28 (11) 2375-2385.
IPCC (2006). IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T. and Tanabe K. (eds). Published: IGES, Japan. Avaiable in: https://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/
McKendry P. (2002) Energy production from biomass. Part 2. Conversion technologies, Bioresource Technology, 83, 47–54.
Mokrzycki, E., & Uliasz-Bocheńczyk, A. (2003). Alternative fuels for the cement industry. Applied Energy, 74(1-2), 95-100.
NP 4486:2008. (2008). Combustiveis Derivados de Resíduos - Enquadramento para a produção, classificação e gestão da qualidade. Caparica: Instituto Português da Qualidade.
Order n.º 21295/2009. (2009). Diário da República, II série . N.º 184 (22 de Setembro de 2009), 38523-38538.
Ordinance n.º187-A/2014. (2014). Diário da República I Série. Nº 198/2014 (17 de Setembro de 2014), 26081-26081.
Ranieri, E., Ionescu, G., Fedele, A., Palmieri, E., Ranieri, A. C., & Campanaro, V. (2017). Sampling, characterisation and processing of solid recovered fuel production from municipal solid waste: An Italian plant case study. Waste Management & Research, 35(8), 890-898.
Vounatsos, P., Atsonios, K., Itskos, G., Agraniotis, M., Grammelis, P., & Kakaras, E. (2016). Classification of refuse derived fuel (RDF) and model development of a novel thermal utilization concept through air-gasification. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 7(5), 1297-1308.
Zhao, L. G. (2016). Characterization of Singapore RDF resources and analysis of their heating value. Sustainable Environment Research, 26, 51-54.
Copyright (c) 2020 Millenium - Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who submit proposals for this journal agree to the following terms:
a) Articles are published under the License Creative Commons, in full open-access, without any cost or fees of any kind to the author or the reader;
b) The authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, allowing the free sharing of work, provided it is correctly attributed the authorship and initial publication in this journal;
c) The authors are permitted to take on additional contracts separately for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (eg, post it to an institutional repository or as a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal;
d) Authors are permitted and encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (eg, in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as increase the impact and citation of published work
Documents required for submission