Eating habits and mental health of students in college
an integrative review of the literature
Keywords:students, eating habits, mental health
Introduction: One of the main changes in students' lives is the transition to higher education. Some simptoms of stress and depression are very common at this stage, which has a negative impact on cognitive functions and your mental health affecting your eating behaviour.
Objectives: To analyze the influence of eating habits on the mental health of college education students.
Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted, whose selection of studies, with publication date between 2014-2020, was made in databases: : Scielo, Medline® (via PubMed®), and LILACS® (via EBSCO) and RCAAP - Scientific Repositories of Open Access of Portugal. From a total of 9 articles that initially emerged from the research, the corpus of the review consisted of 4 articles.
Results: It has been shown that there is a relationship between mental health and eating habits of college education students, as well as an influence of eating habits on their mental health.Students with a high level of stress, anxiety and more depressive symptoms tend to have unhealthy eating habits.
Conclusion: Programs should be promoted to help students adapt to the context of college education and promote healthy eating behaviors, providing them more health literacy.
AlJaber, M. I., Alwehaibi, A. I., Algaeed, H. A., Arafah, A. M., & Binsebayel, O. A. (2019). Effect of academic stressors on eating habits among medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 8(2), 390–400. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_455_18
Ansari, W.E., Adetunji, H., & Oskrochi, R. (2014). Food and mental health: relationship between food and perceived stress and depressive symptoms among university students in the United Kingdom. Cent Eur J Public Health; 22 (2), 90–97. Disponível em https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265791820_Food_and_mental_health_Relationship_between_food_and_perceived_stress_and_depressive_symptoms_among_university_students_in_the_United_Kingdom/link/579fa52408aec29aed2146ab/download
Antonopoulou, M., Mantzorou, M., Serdari, A., Bonotis, K., Vasios, G., Pavlidou, E., Trifonos, C., Vadikolias, K., Petridis, D., & Giaginis, C. (2020). Evaluating Mediterranean diet adherence in university student populations: Does this dietary pattern affect students' academic performance and mental health? Int J Health Plann Manage; 35(1), 5-21. doi: 10.1002/hpm.2881. Epub 2019 Sep 12. PMID: 31514237.
Bilici, S., Ayhan, B., Karabuda, E., & Koksal, E. (2020). Factors affecting emotional eating and eating palatable food in adults. Nutrition Research and Practice; 14(1), 70-75. ):70-75; https://doi.org/10.4162/nrp.2020.14.1.70;
Boggiano, M.M., Wenger, L.E., Mrug, S., Burgess, E.E., Morgan, P.R. (2015). The kids-Palatable Eating Motives Scale: relation to BMI and binge eating traits. Eat Behav; 17, 69-73 Cabout, M., Brouwer, I. A., & Visser, M. (2017). The MooDFOOD project: Prevention of depression through nutritional strategies. Nutrition Bulletin, 42(1), 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1111/nbu.12254
Cady, C.L. (2014). Food insecurity as a student issue. J. Coll.; 15, 265–272. Disponível em https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1515/jcc-2014-0031 Carson, N.E., Blake, C.E., & Saunders, R. (2015). Perceptions and dietary intake of self-described healthy and unhealthy eaters with severe mental illness. Community Ment Health J.; 51(3), 281-8. doi: 10.1007/s10597-014-9806-8. Epub 2014 Dec 23. PMID: 25535051.
Choi, J. (2020). Impact of Stress Levels on Eating Behaviors among College Students. Nutrients; 12, 1241. doi:10.3390/nu12051241
Dimitropoulos, G., Toulany, A., Herschman, J., Kovacs, A., Steinegger, G., Bardsley, J., Sandhu, S., Gregory, C. et al. (2015) A Qualitative Study on the Experiences of Young Adults With Eating Disorders Transferring From Pediatric to Adult Care. Eating Disorders, 23:2, 144-162, DOI: 10.1080/10640266.2014.976106
Ercole, F.F., Melo, L.S. de., & Alcoforado, C.L.G.C. (2014). Revisão Integrativa versus Revisão Sistemática. Rev Min Enferm.; 18(1), 1-260, 9-11. DOI: 10.5935/1415-2762.20140001 Gibson-Smith, D., Bot, M., Paans, N. P., Visser, M., Brouwer, I., & Penninx, B. W. (2016). The role of obesity measures in the development and persistence of major depressive disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 198, 222-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.03.032
Jacka, F.N., Kremer, P.J., Leslie, E.R., Berk, M., Patton, G.C., Toumbourou, J.W., & Williams, J.W. (2010). Associations between diet quality and depressed mood in adolescents: results from the Australian Healthy Neighbourhoods Study. Aust N Z J Psychiatry; 44(5), 435-42. doi: 10.3109/00048670903571598. PMID: 20397785.
Jiang, Y., King, J. M., & Prinyawiwatkul, W. (2014). A review of measurement and relationships between food, eating behavior and emotion. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 36(1), 15–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2013.12.005
Martin, M.S., Maddocks, E., Chen, Y., Gilman, S.E., & Colman, I. (2016). Food insecurity and mental illness: disproportionate impacts in the context of perceived stress and social isolation. Public Health; 132, 86-91. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.11.014. Epub 2016 Jan 13. PMID: 26795678.
Mikolajczyk, R.T., Ansari, E.l.W., & Maxwell, A.E.(2009). Food consumption frequency and perceived stress and depressive symptoms among students in three European countries. Nutr J.; 15; 8, 31. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-8-31
Raskind, I. G., Haardörfer, R., & Berg, C. J. (2019). Food insecurity, psychosocial health and academic performance among college and university students in Georgia, USA. Public health nutrition, 22(3), 476–485. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003439
Rubio-López, N., Morales-Suárez-Varela, M., Pico, Y., Livianos-Aldana, L., & Llopis-González, A. (2016). Nutrient Intake and Depression Symptoms in Spanish Children: The ANIVA Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 22; 13(3), 352. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13030352. PMID: 27011198; PMCID: PMC4809015.
Sogari, G., Velez-Argumedo, C., Gómez, M. I., & Mora, C. (2018). College Students and Eating Habits: A Study Using An Ecological Model for Healthy Behavior. Nutrients, 10(12), 1823. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121823
van Stralen, M.M., Velde, S.J., van Nassau, F., Brug, J., Grammatikaki, E. et al. (2012). Weight status of European preschool children and associations with family demographics and energy balance-related behaviors: a pooled analysis of six European studies. Obes Rev.;13, 29-41.
Wattick, R. A., Hagedorn, R. L., & Olfert, M. D. (2018). Relationship between Diet and Mental Health in a Young Adult Appalachian College Population. Nutrients, 10(8), 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10080957
Weaver, L.J., & Hadley, C. (2009). Moving beyond hunger and nutrition: a systematic review of the evidence linking food insecurity and mental health in developing countries. Ecol Food Nutr.; 48(4), 263-84. doi: 10.1080/03670240903001167. PMID: 21883069.
Wong, M., & Qian, M. (2016). The role of shame in emotional eating. Eating Behaviors, 23, 41–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.07.004
How to Cite
Authors who submit proposals for this journal agree to the following terms:
a) Articles are published under the License Creative Commons, in full open-access, without any cost or fees of any kind to the author or the reader;
b) The authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, allowing the free sharing of work, provided it is correctly attributed the authorship and initial publication in this journal;
c) The authors are permitted to take on additional contracts separately for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (eg, post it to an institutional repository or as a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal;
d) Authors are permitted and encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (eg, in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as increase the impact and citation of published work
Documents required for submission