Stress profile of urgency/emergency nurses in covid-19 context: professional determinants
Keywords:Occupational Stress; nurses; COVID-19 pandemic; Urgency; Emergency.
Introduction: Evidence reveals that urgency7emergency nurses developed stress problems in the Context of a COVID-19 pandemic.
Objectives: Study the relationship between the stress profile of urgency/emergency nurses in the COVID-19 context and professional an sociodemographic variables
Methods: Quantitative, descriptive correlational study with a cross-sectional approach, with a sample of 355 national nurses who work in urgency/emergency situations, mostly female (51.1%) and with a mean age of 39.25±8.89 years. AN anonymous questionnaire was used, consisting of sociodemographic and professional questions (ad hoc) and the Stress Perception Scale (EPS), adapted for the Portuguese population by Pais Ribeiro & Marques (2009).
Results: The majority is a female sample (51.0%), aged between 36-50 years (51.3%), married (48.7%) and with a degree (38.9%), working in the public sector (85.9%), in the North (35.8%), in non-designated services (22.3%), with time of professional experience between 11-20 years (40.8%), have a CTFP-IT (58.6%), practice a rotating schedule (86.8%), with ≤35 hours/week (75.2%) and with the professional category of “nurse” (59.4%).
Conclusion: The average ranking values indicate a higher level of stress on the part of younger nurses (≤years), male, divorced, with a master’s degree, who work in the private sector, with more time of professional practice, followed by those who have between 21-30 years and those with 11-20 years of service and by nurses with a CIT; followed by those with CTFP-TRC and CCT. Nurses working in Lisbon and Tagus Valley region perceived a higher level of stress (p=0.001).
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