Nursing interventions in pain management for patients in basic emergency services
Keywords:pain; basic emergency department; nursing; pain management
Introduction: The current literature shows that nursing interventions in Pain Management in Basic Emergency Services are not always considered a priority by nurses at the first moment of care.
Objective: To identify nursing interventions in Pain Management in Basic Emergency Services and to analyze the relationships between sociodemographic variables and these Interventions.
Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational study based on the results emerging from the application of the Scale of Nursing Practices in Pain Management (António, 2017) in a sample of 157 nurses working in Basic Emergency Services.
Results: The most applied Interventions are autonomous: the Initial Assessment (X=38.94; δ=5.78), Non-Pharmacological Interventions (X=24.76; δ=4.76), Reassessment (X=20.13; δ=3.89), Planning (X=19.67; δ=4.28), and Registration (X=8.96; δ=2.31), Being the least executed. Of the interdependent ones, they only perform Pharmacological Interventions (X=10.83; δ=1.39).
From the analysis of the relationship between these variables and the sociodemographic ones, it is verified that for a significance level p>0.05, training is differentiating: postgraduate nurses take on more teaching and recording of pain, and the longer the training (>50 hours) and the more adequate, the higher the intervention implementation values.
Conclusion: Training as a determinant variable in the application of Interventions reveals that it should be the emerging field of intervention for nurses.
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